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ADDTech 2014 Report - Background Readings

This collection of reading materials was created to prepare participants for the 2014 Aspen Institute Dialogue on Diplomacy and Technology by providing background information on the topic.  The selection of readings introduces a range of viewpoints.  It is not intended to be a comprehensive collection of materials on the topic, but rather an overview of subjects relevant to the 2014 Dialogue.

Section I. Digital Disruption Comes to Public Diplomacy: The Current State of Affairs
R.S. Zaharna, “The Network Paradigm of Strategic Public Diplomacy,” Foreign Policy in Focus, Policy Brief Vol. 10, No. 1: April 2005. 

Charles M. Firestone and Leshuo Dong, “Netpolitik,” The Aspen Journal of Ideas, March 2015.

Richard Adler, “Fragmentation and Concentration in the New Digital Environment,” The Aspen Institute, 2014: 28-29. 

Damien McElroy, “BBC takes on Thailand Dictatorship with a 'Pop-up' Thai Service,” The Telegraph, July 9, 2014. 

Susan B. Epstein and Lisa Mages, “Public Diplomacy: A Review of Past Recommendations,” Congressional Research Services, Library of Congress, September 2, 2005: CRS-5.

Independent Task Force Sponsored by the Council on Foreign Relations, “Finding America’s Voice: A Strategy for Reinvigorating U.S. Public Diplomacy,” Council on Foreign Relations, 2003: 5-8.

Tony Blankley, Helle C. Dale and Oliver Horn, “Reforming U.S. Public Diplomacy for the 21st Century,” The Heritage Foundation, November 2008.

U.S. Public Diplomacy: Key Issues for Congressional Oversight,” United States Government Accountability Office Report to Congressional Committees, May 2009: 20-22.

Section II. Vehicle for Reform: The Proposed U.S. International Communications Reform Act 2014

Dennis Mulhaupt and S. Enders Wimbush, “Fixing U.S. International Broadcasting—At Last!,”
The Weekly Standard, July 3, 2014.

Section-by-Section Summary, United States International Communications Reform Act of 2014.

Section III. Approaches for Reform

Edward P. Djerejian, “Changing Minds, Winning Peace: A New Strategic Direction for U.S. Public Diplomacy in the Arab and Muslim World,” TheAdvisory Group on Public Diplomacy for the Arab and Muslim World, 2003: 69-71. 

Building America’s Public Diplomacy through a Reformed Structure and Additional Resources,” The U.S. Advisory Commission on Public Diplomacy, 2002.

Walter Roberts, Barry Zorthian and Alan Heil, “Renewing America’s Voices—Ideas for Reform,” The Public Diplomacy Council, 2009.

Kristin M. Lord, “The State Department, Not the Pentagon, Should Lead America's Public Diplomacy Efforts,” Brookings Institution, 2008.

William A. Rugh, “Enabling Public Diplomacy Field Officers to Do Their Jobs,” The Public Diplomacy Council, 2008. 

Elizabeth Bagley, “A Reliance on Smart Power: Reforming the Public Diplomacy Bureaucracy,” Testimony before the Senate Committee on Homeland Security and Government Affairs’ Subcommittee on Oversight of Government Management, the Federal Workforce, and the District of Columbia, 2008.