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CHAPTER VIII - Conclusion

The full specification of a 5G standard is still several years in the future, but a good deal of effort is already underway to lay the groundwork for its implementation. Domestic and international bodies are already at work on defining the standard, with a goal of completing their work in 2020. Regulatory bodies have started to free up additional spectrum, particularly in the higher frequency bands that will be needed for 5G networks. A number of R&D efforts and field trials of key 5G components have been undertaken or planned by equipment makers and network operators, and more will get underway in the near future. But as this report has shown, 5G will raise a number of novel policy issues that have not yet been adequately addressed. If the U.S. is to retain its role as a global leader in wireless communications in a 5G world, the time for action is now.

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