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Artificial Intelligence 2016 - Background Readings

This collection of reading materials was created to prepare participants for the 2016 Aspen Institute Roundtable on Artificial Intelligence by providing an overview of and background information on the topic.  The selection of readings includes an introduction to the topic and its intricacies and introduces a range of policy issues associated with the Self-Driving Car, AI in Medicine and AI and the Media. It is not intended to be a comprehensive collection of materials on the topic, but rather an overview of subjects relevant to the 2016 Dialogue.

Introduction: Defining Intelligence

Nanette Byrnes, “AI Hits the Mainstream,” MIT Technology Review, March 28, 2016. 

Erik Brynjolfsson, Andrew McAffee, The Second Machine Age, Chapter 6: Artificial and Human Intelligence in the Second Machine Age, 91-93.

Beau Cronin, “The Dynamic Forces Shaping AI,” O’Reilly, July 6th 2016.

Brad Allenby, “The Wrong Cognitive Measuring Stick,” Slate, April 11, 2016. 

Joichi Ito, “Extended Intelligence,” MIT Media Lab, February 11, 2016. 

Application I: Autonomous Vehicles

Brad Plumer, “15 ways that self-driving cars could transform our lives,” Vox, May 28, 2014.

David Roberts, “The biggest challenge for driverless cars: getting rid of the drivers,” Vox, October 7, 2015.

Department of Transport, “The Pathway to Driverless Cars: Summary report and action plan,” pg 14-15, February 2015.

Sebastian Anthony, “NHTSA rules that AI can be sole driver of Google’s self-driving cars,” ARS Technica, February 10, 2016. 

Brian Fung, “The big question about driverless cars no one seems able to answer,” The Washington Post, February 17, 2016.

Application II: Healthcare

Philip Perry, “How Artificial Intelligence will Revolutionize Healthcare,” Big Think, May 10, 2016. 


Kenneth Corbin, “How to balance data privacy and healthcare improvements,” CIO, April 24, 2015. 

Application III: News and Media

Caleb Garling, “News Flash: AI Startups Are Reinventing Media,” Wired, April, 2015. 

Francesco Marconi, “What artificial intelligence can do for journalists and newsrooms,” Digital Content Next, May 6, 2016. 

AI Ethics, Safety and Oversight

G-7 Meeting: Joint Declaration by G7 ICT Ministers (Action Plan on implementing the Charter) G7 ICT Ministers’ Meeting in Takamatsu, Kagawa - 29-30, April 2016.

Tess Townsend, “The Right and Wrong Way to Regulate Artificial Intelligence,” Inc., May 3, 2016. 

Oren Etzioni, “To Keep AI Safe -- Use AI,” Recode, February 4, 2015. 

Google developing kill switch for AI,” BBC News, June 8, 2016. 

Chris Olah, “Bringing Precision to the AI Safety Discussion,” Google Research Blog, June 21, 2016. 

Boer Deng, “Machine ethics: The robot’s dilemma,” Nature, July 1, 2015. 

Larger Societal Risks and Solutions

Daniel Faggella, “Exploring the risks of artificial intelligence,” TechCrunch, March 21, 2016. 

Kate Crawford, “Artificial Intelligence’s White Guy Problem,” The New York Times, June 25th 2016.

“The black-box problem,” excerpt from “Frankenstein’s Paperclips,” The Economist (print edition), June 25th 2016.

March of the Machines,” (leader), The Economist, June 25, 2016.